By Franck Felix Gutenberg, US Africa News. Updated 2016-05-10
Eliminating Gaddafi before losing total control of Africa in 2014 is the actual rationale that guided France and their allies in their campaign against Gaddafi.
A Monetary fund and African currency, an African central bank, telecommunications, transport, a United States of Africa ... Muammar Gaddafi had cleverly planned for everything, setting a deadline of 2014 for the creation of the central bank, the monetary base, and numerous other actions to free the continent after half a century of independence in words rather than deeds, or "governance without ruling." After having pushed the idea at the 2000 Organization of African Unity (OAU) Summit in Lomé in order to realize the dream of Kwame Nkrumah and Cheikh Anta Diop, and having achieved the creation of the African Union (AU) a few years later, the Libyan leader was pushing the envelop even further.
An African satellite and Afriqiyah: Two concrete ideas for unity
Gaddafi pushed his peers to buy an African satellite for Africa to acquire its independence in communication. He pre-financed the purchase with several hundred million US dollars. "He knew how to splash money around...and to buy the African satellite, he put three hundred million dollars on the table" reflects Moustapha Cissé, former Senegalese Ambassador to Libya and former special advisor on the Arab-Islamic world to Senegalese ex-president Abdiou Diouf. Gaddafi, “Guide of the Libyan Jamahiriya” also financed RASCOM-QAF1, the first telecommunications satellite entirely dedicated to the African continent and its islands. It went into orbit on December 20, 2007. This was the first launch in history for any African country!
Gaddafi also launched the airline company, Afriqiyah Airways, to connect African capitals and regions of the continent. The company offered four scheduled flights between Tripoli and Dakar, Abidjan and Cairo, among others. "Many people used the Afriqiyah line to go to Paris because we could do Dakar, Tripoli, Paris, and back for 400,000 CFA francs (615 euros)," added the Senegalese diplomat. “And Tripoli had become a communication platform between Africa, the Arab world and Europe."
Currency and an African Central Bank for 2014
Gaddafi had proposed the establishment of an African Monetary Union (UMA). He had reached 30 billion dollars for the creation of the AMU, which was to be headquartered in Yaoundé (Cameroon). He also planned the establishment of the African Central Bank (ACB), with headquarters in the Nigerian capital, Abuja. There was talk that the African bank would begin circulating an African currency in 2014. "This did not please the West because it would allow us to bypass the CFA and other currencies that just destroy our economies" Ambassador Cissé argued.
An African investor in Africa
Gaddafi had a very dynamic African political agenda. From Senegal to Chad, through Guinea, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Liberia, Benin, Togo, Nigeria, Niger, Mali, and other African countries, the Libyan leader invested billions of dollars in the agriculture, oil, hotels and tourism, and in equipment. In Mali, the smallest Libyan investment was $50 billion (FCFA) in the hospitality industry. "The Libyan investments in the hotel industry are estimated at over 50 billion CFA francs," said Oumar Balla Touré, Director General of the Malian Office of Tourism. Several hundred billions more were invested in agriculture. For the Malian director, Gaddafi was "a man who was committed to the cause of Africa." Libya’s National Transitional Council (NTC) is regarded in Mali as a rebel body supported by the international community. From the beginning of the revolt in Benghazi and the entry of foreign airstrikes, Muslim associations and political parties had organized demonstrations of support for Gaddafi in Bamako, denouncing the "Western invasion."
The Libyan leader had generated several billion dollars for the creation of Sahelo-Saharan banks in Senegal, Mali, Niger, Mauritania, Chad, etc., and the purchase of several Western companies in Africa to reduce their influence on the economies of the continent. This was the case, for example, for Mobile Oil; the US group Exxon Mobile, became Oil Libya in most of the West African sub-region. Guinea-Conakry owes its first TV channel to Muammar Gaddafi; he gave it in the name of the Libyan people as a present to the "brother nation" of Guinea in 1979. He also equipped the Guinean army, from heavy armament to soldiers’ uniforms for several decades, in addition to being a huge financial support. "Now some financiers say the Libyan investment in the sub-region exceeded their investments," noted Ambassador Cissé.
Why France Killed Gaddafi: The True Reason Finally Revealed
Recently the US State Department published a new series of letters from the former head of the US diplomacy, Hillary Clinton, concerning the Libyan rebellion of 2011. These new documents appear to shed a little more light on the reasons that pushed the Western powers, including France, to engage in the Libyan conflict on the anti-Gaddafi side. A letter received by Secretary Clinton on April 2, 2011 cites data obtained from sources close to the Gaddafi family, according to which the Libyan government at the time had 143 tons of gold and the same amount of silver.
"This gold was accumulated prior to the current rebellion and was intended for the establishment of a pan-African currency based on the Libyan gold dinar, which would provide Francophone African countries an alternative to the French franc," says the author of the letter, "Sid" (Clinton’s friend and unofficial advisor Sidney Blumenthal). According to him, the project to establish a pan-African currency was discovered by the French intelligence "just before the rebellion" and was among the factors pushing France, and then headed by Nicolas Sarkozy, to take part in the Libyan operation.
Secretary Clinton's correspondent added that Mr. Sarkozy’s decision was based on several reasons, including the desire to increase the French share in Libyan oil production and to strengthen Paris’s influence in North Africa. Meanwhile, the leader of the Republic sought to “improve his popularity in France” as well as to give the French army an opportunity to “reaffirm its position in the world." The Libyan rebellion of 2011, supported by NATO, led to the overthrow of the Gaddafi regime that had governed the country since 1969. Since his fall, there are now two rival governments, one in the East recognized by the international community, and the other sitting in Tripoli, fighting for power. Jihadist groups, including the Islamic State, or Daesh, have taken advantage of the chaos in Libya to gain a foothold in the country.